Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. It is important for the social, political and economic enhancement of any economy. For any society to remain relevant and competitive, curricula should be reformed or revised to conform to globally accepted standards. Curricula should incorporate new developments and ideas in the form of technology, theorems, and up-to-date research findings.
The chapter looked at the research design adopted, research instruments used, the population, the sample, the sampling technique, data collection procedures and data analysis.
The chapter ended with a summary. There are some people who feel at ease when responding to a questionnaire than being involved in an interview. According to Ary et al ; a questionnaire guarantees confidentiality thus perhaps eliciting more truthful responses than would be obtained in an interview.
Another advantage is that the tabulation of closed ended responses is an easy and straight forward process. A questionnaire is time saving since one obtains data from relatively large samples covering a wide geographical area.
The researcher would also easily translate her objectives into specific questions. According to Fowler a low response rate reduces the sample size and may bias the results of the study. Ary et al ; observes that in questionnaires personal contact is missing and people are more likely to refuse to cooperate.
The illiterate people are left out in a questionnaire hence this reduces the size and diversity of the sample. Ary et al argued that in a questionnaire respondents may misinterpret the question and in some cases the items may not have the same meaning to all respondents.
This scenario is worsened by the fact that there is no room for probing and clarifications for additional details. According to Ary etal a questionnaire is inadequate in understanding emotions and it is difficult to tell how truthful a respondent is.
Good questions are hard to write and they take considerable time to develop. The interviewer used face to face interviews.
Mahlase says, an interview refers to a situation in which answers are directly drawn out from the respondents by an interview and usually records responses. The researcher used structured interview guide.
The interview enabled the researcher to gather comparable data in surrounding secondary schools under study. There is room for clarification since questions can be repeated or their meanings explained. The interviewer can also press for relevant additional information when a response seems incomplete or not entirely relevant.
In an interview the interviewer has control over the order in which the questions are considered since in some cases it is important for the respondents not to know the nature of later questions because their responses to earlier questions may influence earlier responses.
Interviews supply large volumes of in depth data in a short space of time.
They may say want they think the interviewer wants to hear. The interviews are prone to interviewer bias since the interviewer may reward, correct or encourage responses that fit his or her expectations Ary et al through verbal and nonverbal cues.
In an interview there is no anonymity hence the respondents might fail to cooperate fully for fear of victimization. An interview may seem intrusive to the respondent. It carefully specifies beforehand the categories of behaviors or events under study and under what circumstances they should be assigned to those categories.
Observations are then fragmented or coded into more managerial pieces of information which are later aggregated into usable quantifiable data. Certain phenomenon can be accessed and properly understood only through observation ,for example interaction can be meaningfully assessed and understood only through observation.
Croll observes that ,the presents of the researcher may influence the phenomenon itself.Nov 19, · Research paper samples for students quantitative no death penalty essay juveniles purpose essay writing structure essay british airways refund contact.
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Experimental Research Methods. The first method is the straightforward experiment, involving the standard practice of manipulating quantitative, independent variables to generate statistically analyzable data. Generally, the system of scientific measurements is interval or ratio based.
When we talk about ‘scientific research methods’, this is what most people immediately think of, because.
This free Education essay on Research methods is perfect for Education students to use as an example. State the purpose of research and explain the brief contents/subtopics of section/ chapter.
The purpose of this research was to determine whether prerequisite mathematics ability, teaching method and English .