A closed mosque in SittweRakhine State. The war caused inter-communal conflicts between the Arakanese Muslims and Buddhists. Muslims fled from Japanese-controlled and Buddhist-majority regions to Muslim-dominated northern Arakan with many being killed.
Rohingya insurgency in Western Burma and Rohingya people Sectarian clashes occur sporadically in Rakhine State, often between the Buddhist Rakhine people who are majority in the southern part, and Rohingya Muslims who are majority in the north.
The Burmese government classifies the Rohingya as "immigrants" to Burma despite being the first inhabitants of Arakan, and denied citizenship. Due to their lack of citizenship, they were previously subject to restrictions on government education, officially recognised marriages, and along with ethnic Rakhines, endured forced labour under the military government.
In addition, one of the accused actually was a Buddhist. The police arrested three suspects and sent them to Yanbye township jail.
The government responded by appointing a minister and a senior police chief to head an investigation committee. The committee was ordered to find out "cause and instigation of the incident" and to pursue legal action.
Initial attacks[ edit ] Despite increased security measures, at 3: Telephone lines were also damaged. However, three villages of southern Maungdaw were torched in early evening. An hour later, the rioters had a police outpost in Khayay Mying Village surrounded.
The police fired warning shots to disperse them.
Five people had been confirmed killed as of 8 June. Riots spread[ edit ] On the morning of 9 June, five army battalions arrived to reinforce the existing security forces.
Government set up refugee camps for those whose houses had been burned. Government reports stated that Relief and Resettlement Ministry and Ministry of Defense had distributed 3. However, Rakhine villagers from Buthidaung Township where 90 percent of people are Rohingya Muslims arrived at refugee camps after their houses had been razed by Muslims.
Soon after, soldiers took positions and anti-riot police patrolled in the township. The Muslim rioters marched to Sittwe and burned down three houses in Mingan quarter. An official report stated that at least 7 people had been killed, one hostel, 17 shops and over houses had been destroyed as of 9 June.
State of emergency[ edit ] On 10 June, a state of emergency was declared across Rakhine. It instigated martial law, giving the military administrative control of the region.
To date at least 15 boats and up to 1, total refugees had been turned away.Following attacks on police posts by an armed Rohingya militia in August , reprisals by the Burmese government have precipitated a humanitarian crisis.
More than six hundred thousand Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh, where they face an uncertain future. Publicly stating that . Rakhine believe that violent attacks were caused by Rohingya’s attempts to control the land and economy of the region whereas Rohingya suppose that denial of citizenship, Rakhine’s nationalist attitude and discrimination yield conflict.
More than 1 million Rohingya are estimated to live in the country, mostly in the northern part of Rakhine state along the border with Bangladesh and India, and almost as many live outside of it.
The term ‘Rohingya’ has become one of the most controversial words in Myanmar politics today. More than one million Muslim people living in Rakhine State in western Myanmar identify as Rohingya—although in recent weeks an estimated , have fled to .
Rakhine State Conflict Analysis James Fennell MBE August Between independence in and the coup d’état of there was a significant Muslim insurgency in Rakhine state, while most Muslims failed to achieve citizenship.
The Rohingya ethnic group represent only one puzzle piece in the ethno-political conflict in Myanmar. When analysis the primary actors of this conflict, it can be seen that the conflict actors are mostly individual ethnic groups in Myanmar, since the conflict is of an internal nature.
As can be seen from the history, the Rakhine and.