The More Details, The More Devils There is simply no end to the rape, plunder and pillage that Africa has endured at the hands of international Zionism.
The architect may also intervene to define the environmental specifications of the project in order to lay out from the start the key criteria and expected performance levels required for a sustainable construction.
The brief is very useful for everyone involved in the project to facilitate their discussions. It acts as a memory aid throughout the project and ensures that all specific requirements are taken into acoount at each phase.
It is essential to discuss the budget, the site characteristics and the local planning regulations. At that time the architect explains the phasing sequence and advises on the eventual administrative steps to be taken, the guarantees, the extent of his responsibilities and services.
For certain projects a preliminary study can help the client and all those concerned to clarify certain aspects of the project in order to determine the best solution. Analysis of the location: Financial targets Study of possible solutions between renovating or improving an existing building and constructing a new building.
Choice of site or type of building with regard to the possible requirements and solutions. Feasibility studies to put forward the necessary questions Draft brief Options for the official administrative procedures Prepartion of proceedures to be put into place to make the lines of communication easier.
RB-Architects is able to assist you throughout all the phases of your project. We have the necessary resources in place and can provide questionnaires as points for discussion with a system of interviews to analyse your requirements.
Esquisses and feasability studies The initial phases of a project involve lots of pure creativity and sometimes architects provide this service without being involved in any future phases.
Sketch design Sketch design defines where the building is located, the general organisation of the spaces inside and out and the links between them. Sketches can show you the overall massing and how the project begins to appear in the site. It enables the client to agree to certain principles and begin to understand how the new building will look.
At this stage the architect will confirm the comptability of your budget with your expectations. Feasibility study The architect then needs to present the conclusion of the feasibility of the project which he has designed.
Different design solutions can be presented that might best suit your requirements and make the most benefit from the site. Good constructive dialogue is essential for the success of the project for the architect to understand your requirements and for you to understand the process.
There are usually very enlightening and often essential to fully understand the design. Ask the architect to provide some examples of the sort of thing you would like to see. Preliminary design During the preliminary design phase which is often split in France between outline design and full design the architect builds on the feasibility study, verifies conformity with regulations and begins to bring form to the initially suggested ideas with proposals and new ideas in keeping with the budget.
The form of the project is shown by drawings in plan, section and elevation and will include a schedule of areas and the main finishes. The culmination of the design at this stage allows you to decide on all the essential characteristics of your project. At this point in the process there is enough information for the architect to prepare a French permit application should this be necessary.
French permit application For a French permit application file, the architect puts together the written and drawn documents required by the French local authority from the design drawings and documents that have been discussed with the client.
Usually drawn to a scale of 1: At this stage the sizes of openings in the elevations are decided as well as all the finishes. Detailed design Detailed design and the production information phase of a project defines all the details with how to install, fix and apply all the materials, equipment and structure of the building.
The description of the works is refined into specification documents CCTP in French which, together with the detailed graphic documents at a scale of 1: If the earlier design phases rely on creativity then this stage is when the technical experience of the architect really counts.
Due to the amount of work involved it usually follows the approval of the permit application and only goes ahead after approval of the design in the previous phase by the client.
Now the documents are prepared for presentation to contractors, so that they can fully understand what they will be asked to build. The drawings and written documents should precisely define the works, from the choice of structure to the type of tap.
The finished documents should be read carefully because they represent what the client will be buying from the contractor, both in terms of the type of products and finishes the expected performance. It is sufficient information for tendering or obtain quotes from building contractors.
Sometimes further studies can be carried out to understand more about the building in terms of its impact on the environment both during construction and afterwards during use.
Transparency and fair play are essential. The tender package is based on the documents of the previous phase that allows the contractors to correctly quote for the works and also additional administrative documents which set out the contractual arrangements between the client and the contractor.
It defines the game rules and other site related rules. The architect can advise on the choice of contractors suitable for the work or the client can make their own suggestions. Once the tenders are returned the architect writes a tender analysis report.
Depending on the quality of the tender returns it may be necessary to clarify or modify the documents in line with the budget, the clients expectations or suggestions from the builder.NOTE. The estimated gross cost of the preparation of the appended Report (including the expenses of the witnesses and members of the Committee is £1, 0s 0d, of which £ 0s 0d represents the gross cost of printing and publishing this Report.
The construction of the Rideau Canal was a preventive military measure undertaken after a report that during the War of the United States had intended to invade the British colony of Upper Canada via the St. Lawrence River, which would have severed the lifeline between Montreal and Kingston.
The British built a number of other canals (Grenville, Chute-à-Blondeau and Carillon Canals, all. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. The Middlesex Canal Museum-Visitor Center is open noon to 4pm every Saturday and Sunday throughout the year, except holidays.
See the Calendar for exact dates. [Facebook Page]The Middlesex Canal Museum - Visitors Center is located at the Faulkner Mills, 71 Faulkner St., No.
The construction of the Rideau Canal was a preventive military measure undertaken after a report that during the War of the United States had intended to invade the British colony of Upper Canada via the St. Lawrence River, which would have severed the lifeline between Montreal and Kingston. The British built a number of other canals (Grenville, Chute-à-Blondeau and Carillon Canals, all. The Middlesex Canal Museum-Visitor Center is open noon to 4pm every Saturday and Sunday throughout the year, except holidays. See the Calendar for exact dates. [Facebook Page]The Middlesex Canal Museum - Visitors Center is located at the Faulkner Mills, 71 Faulkner St., No. Billerica MA. The Nicaraguan Canal (Spanish: Canal de Nicaragua), formally the Nicaraguan Canal and Development Project (also referred to as the Nicaragua Grand Canal, or the Grand Interoceanic Canal) was a proposed shipping route through Nicaragua to connect the Caribbean Sea (and therefore the Atlantic Ocean) with the Pacific Ocean.
Billerica MA. It would take another 25 years before the Panama Canal was finally completed in a decade-long, American-led construction project. 7. The canal played a crucial role in a Cold War-era crisis.
In , the Suez Canal was at the center of a brief war between Egypt and the combined forces of Britain, France and Israel.
The Middlesex Canal Museum-Visitor Center is open noon to 4pm every Saturday and Sunday throughout the year, except holidays. See the Calendar for exact dates. [Facebook Page]The Middlesex Canal Museum - Visitors Center is located at the Faulkner Mills, 71 Faulkner St., No. Billerica MA. French and American Construction Efforts Prepared by the Panama Canal Authority Select Chapter: Main Preface Early Plans The Land Panama The French Canal Construction The American Canal Construction Work Force Culebra Cut Locks Design End of the Construction Bibliography Selected Reading List. The Zionist Entity’s Water Wars: Sudan, Egypt and Libya Abdullahi Al Azreg, Sudan’s Ambassador to Britain, recently gave a stunningly candid interview to the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Press TV in regards to the ongoing conflict between his nation and the artificial country known as “South Sudan”.
Richard Gage, AIA, Architect – Member, American Institute of Architects. A practicing Architect for 20 years who has worked on most types of building construction .